Activities Quiz
1.

This phylogenetic tree indicates that birds are most closely related to _____. (Activity 34A)

question #1

mammals
bony fish
tunicates
reptiles
amphibians


2.

This phylogenetic tree indicates that the most recent common ancestors of reptiles, birds, and mammals are _____. (Activity 34A)

question #2

sharks
amphibians
lampreys
bony fish
lancelets


3.

Which of these chordate groups lack a post-anal tail and a notochord as adults? (Activity 34A)

cephalochordates
urochordates
amphibians
mammals
reptiles


4.

The common ancestor of all these chordate groups EXCEPT the _____ probably had paired appendages. (Activity 34A)

Mammalia
Echinodermata
Agnatha
Chondrichthyes
Aves


5.

Which of these is the only chordate group that has hair? (Activity 34B)

Urochordata
Osteichthyes
Mammalia
Amphibia
Chondrichthyes


6.

Which of these primate groups is most closely related to hominids? (Activity 34B)

apes
Old World monkeys
lorises
prosimians
New World monkeys


7.

_____ are the oldest known primate group. (Activity 34B)

Apes
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Hominids
Monkeys


8.

The primates that spend the most time walking upright are the _____. (Activity 34B)

apes
prosimians
New World monkeys
hominids
Old World monkeys


9.

Which of these anthropoid groups consists of primates who are mostly tree dwellers and whose forelimbs and hind limbs are about equal in length? (Activity 34B)

monkeys
hominids
prosimians
primates
apes


10.

Which of these primate groups lives in trees in Central and South America and have nostrils that are wide open and far apart? (Activity 34B)

hominids
apes
New World monkeys
anthropoids
Old World monkeys


11.

Evidence indicates that _____ was the first hominid to use fire. (Activity 34C)

Australopithecus
Homo erectus
Ardipithecus
Homo sapiens
Homo habilis


12.

Which of these hominids was bipedal but had a relatively small brain? (Activity 34C)

Australopithecus
Homo erectus
Ardipithecus
Homo sapiens
Homo habilis


13.

Humans are _______. (Activity 34C)

Australopithecus
Homo erectus
Ardipithecus
Homo sapiens
Homo habilis


14.

Humans probably evolved from _____. (Activity 34C)

Australopithecus
Homo erectus
Ardipithecus
Homo sapiens
Homo habilis


15.

Evidence indicates that _____ was the first hominid to use simple stone tools. (Activity 34C)

Australopithecus
Homo erectus
Ardipithecus
Homo sapiens
Homo habilis



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2002 Pearson Education, Inc.,
publishing as Benjamin Cummings