Activities Quiz
1.

Click on the diagram to start the animation. What name is given to the process seen in this animation? (Activity 5A)

hydrolysis
water formation
catabolism
dehydration synthesis
monomerization


2.

Glycogen is _____. (Activity 5C)

the form in which plants store sugars
a polysaccharide found in animals
a polysaccharide found in plant cell walls
a transport protein that carries oxygen
a source of saturated fat


3.

glucose + glucose —> _____ by _____. (Activity 5C)

lactose + water ... hydrolysis
starch + water ... dehydration synthesis
sucrose + water ... dehydration synthesis
cellulose + water ... hydrolysis
maltose + water ... dehydration synthesis


4.

Which of these is a source of lactose? (Activity 5C)

sugar beets
milk
potatoes
sugar cane
starch


5.

Which of these is a polysaccharide? (Activity 5C)

sucrose
glucose
galactose
lactose
cellulose


6.

_____ is the most abundant organic compound on Earth. (Activity 5C)

Glucose
Cellulose
Lactose
Starch
Glycogen


7.

Which of these is NOT a lipid? (Activity 5D)

phospholipid
cholesterol
steroids
RNA
wax


8.

This figure is an example of a(n) _____. (Activity 5D)

question #8

nucleic acid
protein
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
steroid


9.

Which of these is a phospholipid? (Activity 5D)

answer #1
answer #2
answer #3
answer #4
answer #5


10.

Which of these is rich in unsaturated fats? (Activity 5D)

a fat that is solid at room temperature
butter
beef fat
lard
olive oil


11.

A function of cholesterol that does not harm health is its role _____. (Activity 5D)

in calcium and phosphate metabolism
as a component of animal cell membranes
as the primary female sex hormone
the most abundant male sex hormone
All of cholesterol's effects cause the body harm.


12.

Click on the diagram to begin the animation. This animation illustrates the functioning of a _____ protein. (Activity 5E)

contractile
receptor
transport
structural protein
gene regulatory


13.

Arrow A is indicating a(n) _____ protein. (Activity 5E)

question #13

transport
enzyme
receptor
signal
structural


14.

Arrow D is indicating a _____ protein. (Activity 5E)

question #14

gene regulatory
receptor
storage
transport
defensive


15.

Which of these does NOT contain a structural protein? (Activity 5E)

muscles
tendons
ovalbumin
spider silk
ligaments


16.

Defensive proteins are manufactured by the _____ system. (Activity 5E)

immune
nervous
digestive
integumentary
cardiovascular


17.

Proteins are polymers of _____. (Activity 5F)

CH2O units
nucleotides
amino acids
hydrocarbons
glycerol


18.

What type of bond joins the monomers in a protein's primary structure? (Activity 5F)

ionic
hydrophobic
peptide
S—S
hydrogen


19.

Which of these illustrates the secondary structure of a protein? (Activity 5F)

answer #1
answer #2
answer #3
answer #4
answer #5


20.

The secondary structure of a protein results from _____. (Activity 5F)

hydrogen bonds
ionic bonds
hydrophobic interactions
peptide bonds
bonds between sulfur atoms


21.

Tertiary structure is NOT directly dependent on _____. (Activity 5F)

hydrophobic interactions
peptide bonds
hydrogen bonds
ionic bonds
bonds between sulfur atoms


22.

If a strand of DNA has the nitrogen base sequence ATTTGC, what will be the sequence of the matching strand? (Activity 5H)

GCAAAT
ATTTGC
TAAACG
TUUUCG
UAAACG


23.

If a DNA double helix is 100 nucleotide pairs long and contains 25 adenine bases, how many guanine bases does it contain? (Activity 5H)

25
150
75
50
200


24.

The two strands of a DNA double helix are held together by _____ that form between pairs of nitrogenous bases. (Activity 5H)

hydrogen bonds
ionic bonds
hydrophilic interactions
S—S bonds
covalent bonds


25.

A nucleotide is composed of a(n) _____. (Activity 5H)

phosphate group, a nitrogen-containing base, and a hydrocarbon
phosphate group, a nitrogen-containing base, and a five-carbon sugar
glycerol, a nitrogen-containing base, and a five-carbon sugar
amino group, a nitrogen-containing base, and a five-carbon sugar
sulfhydryl group, a nitrogen-containing base, and a five-carbon sugar



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